A written data management plan (DMP) is an important part of research data management, an essential tool for following good research practices and opening up your data. A researcher carrying out research should create a DMP before he/she starts his/her research project. In addition, the plan should be updated as the research project evolves. It is a living document that accompanies the whole research life cycle, even after the active phase of the research project.
A DMP accompanying funding applications to the Academy of Finland and several other research funders must cover the collection and processing of data, ethical compliance, ownership and rights to use, short-term storage and backup, long-term preservation and reuse, planned disposal and the associated resource needs. The plan can be 1-2 pages. More information, see DMP guides and checklists on the right.
The advantages of data management planning include the following:
The DMP is part of a research plan. You can refer from one document to the other in order to avoid overlap between them. Introduce data analysis and other methods in your research plan.
In the DMP, data is understood as a broad term including:
The Tuuli (DMPTuuli) tool is helpful when writing your data management plan. It provides guidance for writing a data management plan at all stages. The Ministry of Education and Culture's Tuuli project is responsible for DMPTuuli.
You can find Public DMP templates to meet the specific funder requirements also on DMPTuuli pages. DMPTuuli contains useful advice and tips for all organizations and all types of applications, including:
1. General description of data
Data types and formats, estimated data size, and how to control the consistency and quality of data.
2. Ethical and legal compliance
3. Documentation and metadata
How to describe your data and if you use some metadata standards to make your data findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) for you and others. For more information, see:
4. Data storage and backup during the research project
Where and how to store and back up your data, data security, and access control, see Data storage and backup.
5. Data publishing and sharing after the research project
What part of the data to be made openly available or published, where and when to make the data or their metadata publicly available. See Data sharing and preservation.
Note that data with personal information can only be published anonymised. Pseudonymised data is still personal data, and therefore cannot be opened without explicit consent for that purpose. Se Anonymisation and Personal Data by Finnish Social Science Data Archive (FSD).
6. Defining roles and responsibilities of research team members
Who is responsible for data management tasks including data protection, information security, data documentation, data archiving and publishing?
7. Estimating resources required for data management
Time, workload, and possible costs.
More information about how to create a DMP, see: