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Open science

Open scholarship culture

Open science has urged the whole research community to think about how to increase the transparency of research and how to change the ways in which:

Responsible research assessment

Hanken's guidelines on transparent and responsible research assessment

Hanken follows the international initiatives and development in responsible metrics including San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) and the national recommendation on Good practice in research evaluation. Recommendation for the responsible evaluation of a researcher in Finland. Hanken has been developing research evaluation practices, incentives, and services needed to support open science and research, and monitors the development of researchers’ and teachers’ meriting practices at the national and international levels.

In decisions requiring the evaluation of scientific quality, Hanken applies Good practice in research evaluation. Recommendation for the responsible evaluation of a researcher in Finland. In particular, the evaluation of scientific quality is primarily carried out by examining the scientific content of research outputs. In the evaluation, Hanken will take into account research outputs in different formats and languages. The indicators of scientific quality include the methods, data, theoretical frameworks, and the relevance of the research outputs to the development of the discipline. Research metrics may be used to support the overall assessment, but they must not replace evaluation on the basis of the scientific content of the research output.

As stated in Good practice in research evaluation. Recommendation for the responsible evaluation of a researcher in Finland, researchers’ activities to pro­mote open access to research outputs including scholarly publications and research data, as well as researchers’ engagement in societal interaction and science communication, are considered as academic merits and part of research evaluation.

Hanken recommends researchers to use TENK’s Template for researcher’s curriculum vitae which includes open science and research activities and aims to present a researcher’s research and impact merits as comprehensively and comparably as possible. 

Altmetrics (alternative metrics) services including Altmetric and PlumX have been integrated into Haris public portal as a complement to traditional, citation-based metrics to measure the impact of research and display how much and what a wider range of types of attention a research output has received in the society. Hanken encourages researchers to actively inform the academic community about their research outputs, make the general public aware of them, and take part in societal discussion, in order to facilitate innovation and cooperation within the academic community, between research and industry, and between science and society at large. Hanken’s Marketing and communication services help researchers in issues related to research communication. When assessing research, the value of research outputs and various different indicators, including qualitative indicators such as the impact on society, are all taken into account.

Activities related to open science and research are part of academic work and are included as impact merits in the school’s evaluation criteria of recruitments and career promotion decisions. As soon as conveniently and administratively possible, Hanken applies Good practice in research evaluation. Recommendation for the responsible evaluation of a researcher in Finland in recruitments and career systems, and non-discriminatory incentives for research, open access to scholarly publications, and FAIR data production are connected to Hanken’s Publication awards system.

Citizen science

citizen science          citizen science

Pictures: citizenscience.org, European Commission

Citizen science is listed as one of the 8 ambitions of the EU's open science policy. The term citizen science can be described as the voluntary participation of non-professional scientists in scientific research process and activities in different possible ways: as observers, as funders, from shaping research agendas and policies, to gathering, processing and analysing data, and assessing the outcomes of research. The term also refers to the public’s better understanding of science through open publications, research data and process. Citizen science allows for the democratisation of science and reinforces societal trust in science.

In responsible citizen science, it is important that the people are not the subjects of the research but the authors of it. Citizen science requires that:

  • Amateur scientists are involved at least at one stage of the research.
  • Amateur scientists are not the subjects of the research but the authors of it.
  • Research must usually be led by a trained researcher.

The researcher need to ensure that the amateur scientists are offered material in a sufficiently general language during and after the research.

Video: Citizen Science: Opening up science to society. EU Science & Innovation.

Increase your research visibility and impact – open to society

Hanken encourages researchers to actively inform the academic community about their research outputs, make the general public aware of them, and take part in societal discussion, in order to facilitate innovation and cooperation both within the academic community and between research and industry. Hanken’s Marketing and communication services help researchers in issues related to research communication.

Communicating research outputs can improve your visibility and impact as a researcher. It is important to formulate your own communication strategy and employ different ways to increase the visibility and impact of your research, for example, using social media to share your research, and using Altmetrics to measure the effectiveness of communicating through social media platforms.

It is recommended to have a wide range of ways to share the information about your research, such as via social media including ResearchGateAcademia.edu and Mendeley, to increase the visibility and impact of your research. Researchers are, however, responsible for any content they upload or share via social media, which is protected by copyright. Check in advance each publisher’s self-archiving policy if you have the necessary right to share a version of your publications through these forums.

See Impact: beyond bibliometrics and Improve the visibility and impact of your research in Hanken's LibGuide on Bibliometrics.

Additional resources