Open education is defined as educational resources, tools, and practices being free of legal, financial, and technical barriers so they can be fully used, shared, and adapted in the digital environment.
Important concepts in open education include open educational resources (OERs, see the following section) and open educational practices.
Since the turn of the millennium, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has aimed for open educational resources (OERs) to promote global educational equality. Everyone should have an opportunity to learn and find high-quality learning materials. Open educational environments and content create new models and flexible independent learning and support continuous learning.
Teachers benefit from widening OERs too: It pays to use existing OERs compared to creating one's own materials from the very beginning; OERs also offer teachers possibilities to try out new and varied pedagogical practices and novel technical solutions; By adding their learning materials to OERs, teachers can raise their own professional profile; OERs are saved and remain available in the future.
Open educational resources (OERs) are learning, teaching and research materials in any format and medium that
Teachers are encouraged to publish their educational resources and need to ensure that they have the necessary rights to publish the resources (e.g., copyright). All those who have made a significant contribution to the educational resources, including students, shall be properly acknowledged.
It is recommended to use the national Library of Open Educational Resources - aoe.fi for opening educational resources.
It is recommended to publish educational resources using a Creative Commons licence CC BY 4.0 or CC BY-SA 4.0. The recommended format for a licence is: © [Author Name], Hanken School of Economics, 2021. CC BY 4.0/CC BY-SA 4.0.
Educational resources and other digital content shall comply with accessibility requirements.
More information, see the LibGuide on Open educational resources where you can find answers to the following questions: