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Open science

What is open science?

The concept of open science has different definitions and includes multiple aspects and opportunities for you to consider what open science could mean for you throughout the research cycle. 

In general, open science refers to the efforts and mechanisms by which the findability, accessibility and (re)usability of scientific knowledge are promoted in the digital era. Open science encompasses open research outcomes, including Open access to research publications, Open access to research data and methods, open source code, and Open scholarship culture. In addition to open research, open science as an umbrella term encompasses other aspects of science such as Open education.

Open science

Picture: Innovation Platform France-Canada.

Why open science?

Openness as a strategy for responsible science and impactful research both empowers and democratizes science:

  • The transformative potential of open science has been recognized for reducing the existing inequalities in science, technology, and innovation (STI), decreasing duplication costs in collecting, creating, and transferring data and scientific materials, and accelerating progress towards the achievement of the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
  • More accessible and verifiable scientific knowledge and research processes increase and ensure the self-correction, reproducibility, and quality of science and thereby the reliability of the evidence needed for decision-making and policy and increased trust in science.
  • Openness facilitates and accelerates the utilisation of scientific knowledge and scientific methods not only in research, teaching, and studying, but also in solving national and global problems, fulfilling the missions of the higher education community. There has been significant available evidence for the economic benefits and substantial return on investment associated with open science practices and infrastructures.
  • Open science facilitates innovation and disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration within the scientific community and in the wider social circle.
  • Open access to research results improves the visibility and societal impact of both individual researchers and research institutions. 

Source: UNESCO (2021). Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (Category II) Related to a Draft UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science.

Hanken's guidelines on open science and research

Hanken has been actively promoting open science and following the national and international principles and requirements of openness in science and research. Promoting actively open science as one of the key elements in Hanken’s strategic position is included in Hanken 2030 Long-term Strategy. The main objectives have been to advance open access to research outputs including scientific publications, research data and methods, and transparent and responsible assessment of research.

In August 2019, Hanken signed the Declaration for Open Science and Research (Finland) 2020-2025 and is committed to following the strategic principles, objectives, and action plans outlined in the four Policies of Open Science and Research in Finland to achieve the goals set out in the Declaration.

To continue to promote openness as a fundamental value of science:

  • Hanken encourages that all the new annually reported peer-reviewed scientific articles are published immediately openly accessible. Self-archived copies of the articles are uploaded to Hanken’s research database Haris and preserved in Hanken’s institutional repository DHanken. See Hanken's guidelines on open access to scholarly publications.
  • Hanken endeavours to ensure that the properly documented metadata of the research data are published for the findability and citability of the research data. Research data are to be archived and opened in national or international repositories when possible. Datasets are registered in Haris with the persistent identifiers (e.g., DOI or URN) for the (meta)data. See Hanken's guidelines on open and FAIR research data.
  • Hanken encourages the school’s researchers to make their analysis and research methods generally available. See Hanken's guidelines on open research methods.
  • Hanken follows national and international development in transparent and responsible assessment of research outputs and research impact. See Hanken's guidelines on transparent and responsible research assessment.

For a more detailed description, see PDF logo  PDF Guidelines for Open Science and Research at Hanken.

Monitoring and evaluation of open science

Monitoring and evaluation of the progress and impact of open science are being carried out on both Hanken’s and national level:

The monitoring of the implementation of the open science policies in Finnish universities and organizations is the responsibility of the Open Science Coordination at the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies (TSV). A new open science monitoring model will be completed by the working group set up by the national steering group on open science and research before the end of 2021. The aim is to start implementing the monitoring model in 2022. The Ministry of Education and Culture has assessed the openness maturity level in Finnish research organisations based on the information available on each organisation’s external website and data collected via requests for information.

At Hanken, the implementation of the Guidelines on open science and research will be monitored actively and related instructions be updated when necessary. The openness of publications and datasets are monitored by calculating the numbers and types of open access publications and published (meta)data.  Hanken provides diverse training on open science strategies and practices to students, teachers, researchers and support services experts to ensure that expertise in open science practices be made an integral part of research training and research skills.

Services and support for open science

Hanken offers diverse and multi-professional services and training in open science practices throughout the research lifecycle:

The training and support for open access publishing and research data management ensure that research outputs produced at Hanken are open and available for shared use, and compliant with relevant ethical principles and legal regulations. Open science and research services are compatible with national and international services.

Additional resources

    Declaration for Open Science and Research (Finland) 2020-2025